Wednesday, August 31, 2016

American artist Seth Eastman (1808-1875) portrays Native Americans


Seth Eastman (American artist, 1808-1875) Indian Council

From Europe to the Atlantic coast of America & on to the Pacific coast during the 17C-19C, settlers moved West encountering a variety of Indigenous Peoples who had lived on the land for centuries.

From the office of the United States Senate curator, we learn that in 1870, the House Committee on Military Affairs commissioned artist Seth Eastman 17 to paint images of important fortifications in the United States. He completed the works between 1870 & amp; 1875. 

Born in 1808 in Brunswick, Maine, Eastman found expression for his artistic skills in a military career. After graduating from the US Military Academy at West Point, where officers-in-training were taught basic drawing & amp; drafting techniques, Eastman was posted to forts in Wisconsin & amp; Minnesota before returning to West Point as assistant teacher of drawing. 

While at Fort Snelling, Eastman married Wakaninajinwin (Stands Sacred), the 15-year-old daughter of Cloud Man, Dakota chief. Eastman left in 1832 for another military assignment soon after the birth of Their baby girl, Winona, & declared His marriage ended When He left. Winona was also known as Mary Nancy Eastman & was the mother of Charles Alexander Eastman, author of Indian Boyhood.

From 1833 to 1840, Eastman taught drawing at West Point. In 1835, he married his 2nd wife & was reassigned to Fort Snelling as a military commander & remained there with Mary & their 5 children for the next 7 years. During this time Eastman began recording the everyday way of life of the Dakota & the Ojibwa people. Eastman established himself as an accomplished landscape painter. Between 1836 & amp; 1840, 17 of his oils were exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York City. 

Transferred to posts in Florida, & amp; Texas in the 1840s, Eastman became interesed in the Native Americans & made sketches of the people. This experience prepared him for the next 5 yeas in Washington, DC, where he was assigned to the commissioner of Indian Affairs & illustrated Henry Rowe Schoolcraft's important 6-volume Historical & amp; Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition, & Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. 

In 1867 Eastman returned to the Capitol, this time to paint a series of scenes of Native American life for the House Committee on Indian Affairs. Of his 17 paintings of forts, 8 are located in the Senate, while the others are displayed on the House side of the Capitol. Eastman was working on the painting West Point when he died in 1875.


Native Americans - Montagnais Indians - Winslow Homer (1836-1910)


Winslow Homer (1836-1910) Montagnais Indians


Dog Days of Summer - One serious dog


Franz von Matsch (Austrian artist, 1861-1942) A Bulldog


Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.



Waterside with Australian Emanuel Phillips Fox 1865-1915



Emanuel Phillips Fox (Australian artist, 1865 -1915) On the Sand



Emanuel Phillips Fox (Australian artist, 1865 -1915) The Bathing Hour



Emanuel Phillips Fox (Australian artist, 1865 -1915) The Beach, Trouville


Emanuel Phillips Fox (Australian artist, 1865 -1915) The Ferry



Madonnas attributed to Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528)

.
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Detail The Pear 1526



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Madonna and Child with a Carnation in 1516



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Madonna and Child



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Madonna and Child



Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Virgin and Child Before an Archway c 1495



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Adoration of the Magi (detail) 1504



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) St Anne with the Virgin and Child (detail) 1519



Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Madonna with the Siskin (detail) 1506


Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Maria Crowned by an Angel 1520


In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.


Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Heading West in 19C America


From Europe to the Atlantic coast of America & on to the Pacific coast during the 17C-19C, settlers moved West encountering a variety of Indigenous Peoples who had lived on the land for centuries.

Francis William Edmonds (Amrican genre painter, 1806-1863)  The Windmill. (Whittling toys for the children.)


American artist Seth Eastman (1808-1875) portrays Native Americans


Seth Eastman (American artist, 1808-1875) Buffalo Chase

From Europe to the Atlantic coast of America & on to the Pacific coast during the 17C-19C, settlers moved West encountering a variety of Indigenous Peoples who had lived on the land for centuries.

From the office of the United States Senate curator, we learn that in 1870, the House Committee on Military Affairs commissioned artist Seth Eastman 17 to paint images of important fortifications in the United States. He completed the works between 1870 & amp; 1875. 

Born in 1808 in Brunswick, Maine, Eastman found expression for his artistic skills in a military career. After graduating from the US Military Academy at West Point, where officers-in-training were taught basic drawing & amp; drafting techniques, Eastman was posted to forts in Wisconsin & amp; Minnesota before returning to West Point as assistant teacher of drawing. 

While at Fort Snelling, Eastman married Wakaninajinwin (Stands Sacred), the 15-year-old daughter of Cloud Man, Dakota chief. Eastman left in 1832 for another military assignment soon after the birth of Their baby girl, Winona, & declared His marriage ended When He left. Winona was also known as Mary Nancy Eastman & was the mother of Charles Alexander Eastman, author of Indian Boyhood.

From 1833 to 1840, Eastman taught drawing at West Point. In 1835, he married his 2nd wife & was reassigned to Fort Snelling as a military commander & remained there with Mary & their 5 children for the next 7 years. During this time Eastman began recording the everyday way of life of the Dakota & the Ojibwa people. Eastman established himself as an accomplished landscape painter. Between 1836 & amp; 1840, 17 of his oils were exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York City. 

Transferred to posts in Florida, & amp; Texas in the 1840s, Eastman became interesed in the Native Americans & made sketches of the people. This experience prepared him for the next 5 yeas in Washington, DC, where he was assigned to the commissioner of Indian Affairs & illustrated Henry Rowe Schoolcraft's important 6-volume Historical & amp; Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition, & Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. 

In 1867 Eastman returned to the Capitol, this time to paint a series of scenes of Native American life for the House Committee on Indian Affairs. Of his 17 paintings of forts, 8 are located in the Senate, while the others are displayed on the House side of the Capitol. Eastman was working on the painting West Point when he died in 1875.


Dog Days of Summer - A Poodle in a Punt


George Stubbs (English artist, 1724-1806) White Poodle in a Punt 1780


Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.



Waterside with English artist Laura Johnson Knight 1877–1970



Laura Knight (1877-1970) The Beach 1908

English Impressionist painter Laura Johnson Knight (1877–1970) became famous for capturing the world of London's theatre, ballet, & circus as well as her images of the Nurenburg Trials, but I enjoy the freedom & joy of her early paintings by the sea.

Laura Knight (1877-1970) Self-portrait

She was born in Long Eaton, Derbyshire to Charles & Charlotte Johnson. Her father died not long after her birth, & Laura grew up in a family that struggled with financial problems. Her mother's marriage, wrote the daughter, was "an unhappy one;" and when her father died soon after Laura's birth, friends said, "It is for the best."


Laura Knight (1877-1970) Flying the Kite

In 1899, she sailed to France with the intention that she would eventually study art at a Parisian atelier. After a short time in French schools, Johnson returned to England. There, at the age of 13, she entered the Nottingham School of Art, one of the youngest students ever to join the school. But at the Nottingham art school, she was barred from life-drawing classes; because they were open only to men, & she was put to drawing from plaster casts.


Laura Knight (1877-1970) Girls Picking Flowers by the Sea

At school, she met a promising student, Harold Knight (1874–1961), aged 17. Johnson determined that the best method of learning was to copy Harold's technique. They became close friends; and in 1903, Harold & Laura married.


Laura Knight (1877-1970) Sea Wind and Sun

In 1907, the Knights moved to the artists' colony in Newlyn, Cornwall, alongside Lamorna Birch, Alfred Munnings, & Aleister Crowley, where she painted in an Impressionist style.


Laura Knight (1877-1970) A Dark Pool 1908-18

After World War I, the Knights moved to London, where Laura met some of the most famous ballet dancers of the day, such as Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes with Lydia Lopokova & Enrico Cecchetti, and Anna Pavlova.

Laura Knight (1877-1970) Boys

In 1929, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire; and in 1936, she became the first woman elected to the Royal Academy, just as her mother predicted.


Laura Knight (1877-1970) The Cornish Coast

After World War II, she was the official war artist at the Nuremberg Trials, an emotionally draining task.


Laura Knight (1877-1970) Untrodden Sand

She continued to paint after her husband's death in 1961, producing over 250 works of art as well as 2 autobiographies, Oil Paint and Grease Paint (1936) and The Magic of a Line (1965).


Laura Knight (1877-1970) The Water Pool

Laura attributed much of her success to her mother as she remembered, "One of the greatest moments of Mother's life came when she found that I, a mere baby, was never so content as with pencil and paper; even before I could speak or walk, I drew. There was no question of my purpose in life. I remember her saying, when I was only a few years old, ‘You will be elected to the Royal Academy one day.'"




 Laura Knight (1877-1970) 



  Laura Knight (1877-1970) 



  Laura Knight (1877-1970) Two Fishers



  Laura Knight (1877-1970) 



 Laura Knight (1877-1970) 


Madonnas attributed to Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba c 1460-1528



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) La Vergine col Bambino, San Nicolò di Bari e San Martino Vescovo



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528)  Adorazione



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528), Virgin Nursing Jesus



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Adoration by Saints



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Virgin with Baby



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Adoration



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Trittico di Tortona La Vergine col Bambino



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Madonna and Child



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) La Vergine in Gloria



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) La Vergine col Bambino



Gian Giacomo de Alladio, also known as Macrino d'Alba (c. 1460-65- 1528) Madonna

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.



Monday, August 29, 2016

American artist Seth Eastman (1808-1875) portrays Native Americans


Seth Eastman (American artist, 1808-1875) Death Whoop

From Europe to the Atlantic coast of America & on to the Pacific coast during the 17C-19C, settlers moved West encountering a variety of Indigenous Peoples who had lived on the land for centuries.

From the office of the United States Senate curator, we learn that in 1870, the House Committee on Military Affairs commissioned artist Seth Eastman 17 to paint images of important fortifications in the United States. He completed the works between 1870 & amp; 1875. 

Born in 1808 in Brunswick, Maine, Eastman found expression for his artistic skills in a military career. After graduating from the US Military Academy at West Point, where officers-in-training were taught basic drawing & amp; drafting techniques, Eastman was posted to forts in Wisconsin & amp; Minnesota before returning to West Point as assistant teacher of drawing. 

While at Fort Snelling, Eastman married Wakaninajinwin (Stands Sacred), the 15-year-old daughter of Cloud Man, Dakota chief. Eastman left in 1832 for another military assignment soon after the birth of Their baby girl, Winona, & declared His marriage ended When He left. Winona was also known as Mary Nancy Eastman & was the mother of Charles Alexander Eastman, author of Indian Boyhood.

From 1833 to 1840, Eastman taught drawing at West Point. In 1835, he married his 2nd wife & was reassigned to Fort Snelling as a military commander & remained there with Mary & their 5 children for the next 7 years. During this time Eastman began recording the everyday way of life of the Dakota & the Ojibwa people. Eastman established himself as an accomplished landscape painter. Between 1836 & amp; 1840, 17 of his oils were exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York City. 

Transferred to posts in Florida, & amp; Texas in the 1840s, Eastman became interesed in the Native Americans & made sketches of the people. This experience prepared him for the next 5 yeas in Washington, DC, where he was assigned to the commissioner of Indian Affairs & illustrated Henry Rowe Schoolcraft's important 6-volume Historical & amp; Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition, & Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. 

In 1867 Eastman returned to the Capitol, this time to paint a series of scenes of Native American life for the House Committee on Indian Affairs. Of his 17 paintings of forts, 8 are located in the Senate, while the others are displayed on the House side of the Capitol. Eastman was working on the painting West Point when he died in 1875.


Indigenous Women Of America by George Catlin 1796-1872


George Catlin (American artist, 1796-1872) Oó-je-en-á-he-a, Woman Who Lives in a Bear's Den

As a child growing up in Pennsylvania, Catlin spent many hours looking for American Indian artifacts. His fascination with Native Americans was kindled by his mother, who told him stories of the Western Frontier & how she was captured by a tribe when she was a young girl. Following a brief career as a lawyer, he produced 2 major collections of paintings of American Indians & published a series of books chronicling his travels among native peoples. Claiming his interest in America’s "vanishing race" was sparked by a visiting American Indian delegation in Philadelphia, he set out to record America’s native people.  Catlin began his journey in 1830, when he accompanied General William Clark on a diplomatic mission up the Mississippi River into Native American territory.  During later trips along the Arkansas, Red & Mississippi rivers, as well as visits to Florida & the Great Lakes, he produced more than 500 paintings.  When Catlin returned east in 1838, he assembled  his Indian Gallery, & began delivering public lectures.  In 1841, Catlin published Manners, Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians, in two volumes, with about 300 engravings. Three years later he published 25 plates, entitled Catlin’s North American Indian Portfolio, and, in 1848, Eight Years’ Travels and Residence in Europe. From 1852 to 1857, he traveled through South & Central America and later returned for further exploration in the Far West as recorded in Last Rambles amongst the Indians of the Rocky Mountains & the Andes (1868) & My Life among the Indians (1909). The nearly complete surviving set of Catlin’s Indian Gallery painted in the 1830s is now part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection. Some 700 sketches are in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City.


Dog Days of Summer - Maurice de Vlaminck 1876-1958


Maurice de Vlaminck (French artist, 1876-1958) Women with a dog in 1905 (a Fauvist dog!)


Dog Days of Summer  is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & amp; the sun. The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & amp; Aratus (ca. 310-240 BCE) refer, in Their writings, to  "the heat of late summer That the Greeks believed was actually brought` on by the appearance of Sirius,"  a star in the constellation, That the later Romans, & amp; we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the  Iliad , references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & amp; Evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, Bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics. Astronomer Geminus, around 70 BC, wrote: "It is believed Generally Sirius That Produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star Merely marks a season of the year When the sun" s heat is the Greatest. "  The 1559 edition of the lectionary of the Episcopal  Book of Common Prayer  Indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin "with the readings for July 7 & amp; end August 18. But the readings for September 5 stated:" Naonae. Dog days end. "This Corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the  King James Bible  Which Indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & amp; ending on September 5.